||Location : 22-km From Srinagar, Kashmir Region, J&K
Coverage area: 141-sq-kms
Main attraction : Kashmir Stag, Himalayan Black Bear, Markhor, Ibex, Exotic Birds
Best time to visit :
Upper Dachigam = May - August /
Lower Dachigam = September - December /
Bird viewing = March - May
Dachigam is one of the India's most scenically beautiful wildlife reserves. It is located 22 kilometres from Srinagar and forms almost half of the Dal lake's catchment area. Since 10 villages were relocated outside the boundaries of the reserves between 1910 and 1934, it has got its name Dachi-gamwhich means 'Ten Villages'.Dachigam is spread over 140 square kilometres, spanning heights between 5,500 to 14,000 feet above sea level. The two sectors of Dachigam, lower and upper Dachigam incorporate a variety of vegetation like riverain forest, grass land, broad leaved woodland, coniferous forest, bare rock faces and alpine pastures. Dachigam is considered home to some of the unique Himalayan range of flora and fauna.
Primary amongst them is the hangul or Kashmir stag, the most endangered species of red deer in the world.During winters, the upper reaches of Dachigam become inaccessible to the visitors and the temperature in lower Dachigam dips as low as -10 degree celsius. Some birds and animals found during this time of the year include the cinnamom sparrows, black and yellow grosbeak, black bulbuls, monal pheasant and the Himalayangray langur. The main predator in the park is the leopard and other scavengers which also feed on the prey of the leopard are the jackal, hill fox, yellow throated marten and the wild boar. Himalayangriffon, lammergeier, leopard cat , long tailed blue magpie, jungle cat and Himalayanweasel can also be sighted during this period.