Pocharam sanctuary is located on the shores of Pocharam Lake and is named after it. It is 120-km away from Hyderabad, in Medak district. It extends over an area of 130-sq-km and lies between Medak and Nizamabad districts. In 1952 the Nizam of Hyderabad State, because of its richness in floral and faunal composition declared this area as wildlife sanctuary.
The habit of the sanctuary is southern tropical mixed dry deciduous with predominantly teak and its associates, patches of scrubs and grassy blanks. Small water pools are found in the sanctuary, undulating with low hills.
Large flocks of migratory birds like Bar-headed goose, Brahminy ducks, Painted storks etc are attracted towards the lake in the sanctuary.
Animals like Leopard, Jungle Cat, Wild Dog, Wolf, Jackal, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Nilgai, Chinkara, Chital, Four-Horned Antilope are mainly found here. The floral composition consists of Teak, Nallamaddi, Garuga, Tirman, Satin, Mohwa, Chirongii, Chennangi, and Abnus etc.