|Indian Wildlife >> North India >>Uttaranchal >> Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park
||Location : Haridwar, Dehradun, Pauri (Uttaranchal).
Covered area : 820 sq. kms.
Main attractions : Elephant
Best time to visit : Mid-November to Mid-June.
Arrival information :
-- By rail : Nearest railway station is Dehradun, Haridwar.
-- By air : Jolly Grant Airport, which is only a few kilometers away from the Northern Boundary of the Park has
a daily flight from Delhi.
-- By road :It is very well connected by road from Saharanpur, which in turn is very well connected by rail to
Delhi, Lucknow, Amritsar, Jammu Tawi and Calcutta.
Nearby excursions : Rishikesh, Haridwar.
Nearby cities : Dehradun
The Rajaji National Park is rich in faunal wealth because of the varied types of ecological niches existing in the reserve. The main groups occur are birds, mammals & reptiles snakes and lizards, amphibians (frogs & toads) and fishes, and chiefly the invertebrate groups are, the scorpions, centipedes, Odonata (dragon & damselflies), hymenoptera (wasps, bees, etc.) Isoptera (termites) and lepidoptera which comprises more than 60 species. Our National bird Peacock is found here in abundance.
The smaller carnivores as copredators are leopard cat, jungle cat , civet cat and yellow throated martin. Besides, other mammals like hyaena, jackal and bengal fox are not an uncommon sight and work as scavangers in the park.
all 49 mammals species are belonging to 42 genera, in 21 families and nine orders have been recorded. According to census done in 1999 there are 445 elephants, 32 tigers and 177 leopards, besides thousands of other wild animals in the park.
315 birds species are reported to occur in the park. Birds like ducks, teals, cormorants, egrets, lapwing, pond herons, pea fowl, jungle fowl, various species of partridges and pheasants, drongo, crows, owlets and nightjars, birds of prey, etc, are quite common.
Twenty eight species of snakes, 12 species of turtles & tortoises and 9 species of lizards among Reptilia are being recorded from the park.
Ten species under six genera and four families belonging to order Anura (toads & frogs) with their developmental stages have been recorded from the park. Uperodon systoma, Polypedates maculatus and Rana crassa are recorded for the first time from the park. Besides, an interesting phenomenon of breeding of Bufonids was observed, which showed that B. stomaticus & B.melanostictus breeds during July-August on the northern slope of Siwalik ,whereas the same species breeds up to November on the southern slope. Polypedates maculatus, which inhabits the live tree-holes, breeds only in July.