Indian Wildlife >> East India >> Orissa >> Simplipal Tiger Rerserve

Simplipal Tiger Rerserve

Location : Mayurbhanj District, Orissa
Coverage area : 2,750-sq-km
Main attraction : Tigers, Leopards, Elephants & Mugger Crocodiles
Best time to visit : The reserve is open to tourists from 10th November to 15th June in every season.
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Arrival information : 
-- By rail : Balasore railhead is situated 56-km from Baripada and Tata railhead is 115-km from Jashipur.
-- By air : Bhubaneswar Airport is situated 270-km from the national park. Other airports include Baripada,  330-km and Jashipur Calcutta Airport, 320-km. Baripada is located 280-km from Jashipur.
-- By road : 
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Simplipal is located in the centre of Mayurbhanj district of Orissa. The Simlipal National Park, one of the earliest to come under Project Tiger. It has spread over an area of 2,750 sq kms. It was declared as one of the nine tiger project reserves in the country in 1973. It was declared a sanctury in 1979. 

Flora and Fauna :
This sprawling ecosystem, thanks to the mega conservation efforts, has close to a 100 tigers. Other mammalian species like leopards, sambhars, langurs, deer, gaur (Indian bison), elephants, antelopes, chitals, chevrotains, wild dog, wild boar, sloth bears, monkeys, hyenas and porcupines are also found here. There are around 230 species of birds in these forests. The ones officially recorded include the red jungle fowl, hill myna, peafowl, alexandrine parakeet, crested serpent eagle, gray hornbill, Indian pied hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill and Indian trogon. Most of these bird species may be spotted in the park. s Newana area. There is a sizable population of reptiles as well, which include snakes and turtles. The population of crocodiles has increased considerably since the inception of the Mugger Management Program.

Simlipal National Park is a floral treasure as well. It has close to 501 species of plants belonging to 102 families. Eighty-two species of orchids have already been identified here along with the omnipresent sal trees. Innumerable medicinal and aromatic plants are found as well that are a source of earnings for the local tribal population. The beauty of the park brings the person into the state of hypnotic sleep. It is a god gift to this sanctuary. It would take several days to go around the park. The glory of the park is increased by the water falls, tribal settlements and mountain peaks. 

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