|Indian Wildlife >> South India >> Kerala >> Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary
|Location: 15 kms from Calicut, Kerala
Coverage area : 345 sq km
Main attractions: Giant Squirrel, Tiger, Leopard
Best time to visit : September to November
Accommodation : Forest lodges and rest houses
Arrival information :
-- By rail : The nearest railhead is Calicut 110 km.
-- By air : The nearest Airport is at Cochin, 300km
-- By road : The sanctuary is also connected to Mysore, Coorg, Bandipur, Nagarhole, and Ooty .
Nearby excursions : Kalpetta is famous for its Jain temples, The Edakkal Caves, Glass Temple of Kottamunda
Nearby cities : Calicut, Cochin
Established in 1973, the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is contiguous to the protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipore of Karnataka and Mudumalai of Tamilnadu.Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, 15 kms from Calicut is bisected by a tract of cultivated land into two distinct parts. One falls in the Kozhikode District and the other in the Kannur District. Wayanad literally means the 'land of swamps'.Rich in bio-diversity, the sanctuary is an integral part of the nilgiri biosphere reserve, which has been established with the chief objective of conserving the biological heritage of the region.
The flora of this wildlife sanctuary comprises moist deciduous forests, though the climate also supports evergreen forests on the higher ridges. Teak is the predominant floral specie in this sanctuary along with marshes that are full of grasses and support the best quality of bamboos.
Major fauna species here include the tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wild dog, jackal, elephant, and Indian fox. Other wildlife that have made this park their habitat are the gaur, sambar, spotted dear, Indian muntjac, wild boar, and giant squirrel.